BARI has evaluated various olive cultivars with high promise of success in Pothwar and other areas of Punjab. The data on adaptability trials at farmers’ fields has revealed the wide adaptability of these cultivars. The concerted research efforts of BARI have led to development of two olive cultivars BARI Zaitoon-1 and BARI Zaitoon-2, which have been approved by Punjab Seed Council during the year 2011.

The institute has also assisted private sector in developing their own model orchards (GPUs and Multiplication blocks) each having olive plantation on more than 10 acres. The varieties grown on these orchards are BARI Zaitoon I, BARI Zaitoon II Gemlic, Coratina, Frontio, Arbequina, Arbosona, Koraneiki, Chetoui, Kalamata etc. These orchards are at various stages of olive fruiting as per planting time. The average fruit yield varies from 2 kg to 58 kg/ plant. In addition, nursery development facilities have also been supported at some of these farms. Development of olive growers associations is also in progress.

Table : Fruit yield (kg/plant) of olive cultivars at BARI, Chakwal

Cultivar 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Earlik 8.2 13.5 15.5 15.6 25.5 30.0
BARI Zaitoon-1 10.0 20.5 25.0 22.0 27.3 28.0
Azerbaijan 15.5 20.2 26.5 22.5 28.0 25.5
Ottobratica 14.5 12.6 22.5 21.0 18.2 22.5
BARI Zaitoon-2 12.5 15.2 25.5 22.0 23.5 26.5
Leccino 14.7 18.2 28.5 23.0 32.5 31.6
Moraiolo 13.5 17.4 22.5 19.5 24.0 23.0
Gemlik 14.3 19.2 27.5 22.7 31.5 33.5
FS-17 9.8 16.8 29.7 23.9 36.4 34.5
Manzanilla 14.5 19.3 25.5 21.8 27.2 24.5
Sevillano 14.4 17.5 19.5 18.5 21.0 19.9
Pendolino 12.2 14.5 19.0 17.0 22.2 31.0
Souri 12.0 14.5 18.4 16.0 24.0 26.2
Hamdi 10.0 14.1 19.0 17.3 18.2 23.1
Nabali 14.5 18.8 24.0 20.4 29.8 32.0

Table 2: Oil percentage of olive cultivars by Soxhlet method 

Cultivar Oil percentage   Cultivar Oil percentage
Earlik 21.6 FS-17 22.2
BARI Zaitoon-1 20.3 Manzanilla 17.4
Azerbaijan 16.0 Sevillano 10.6
Ottobratica 18.5 Pendolino 10.9
BARI Zaitoon-2 19.5 Souri 10.3
Leccino 15.2 Hamdi 15.1
Moraiolo 21.3 Nabali 20.6
Gemlik 19.2  
Major Olive Growers in Pothwar
Izhar Farms

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